6 to 22 April 2012
History of Beijing:
Beijing's beginnings were that of a trading town for the tribes in Shandong and Central China as well as the Koreans and Mongols. It grew until it became the capital of the Yan Kingdom during the Warring States Period and eventually became known as Yanjing during the Liao Dynasty. In 1215 AD, Yanjing (Beijing) was destroyed by Genghis Khan with fire and it emerged from the destruction in 1272 as Dadu, which means Great Capital. Dadu, also known as Khanbalik, was the capital for Kublai Khan, Genghis Khan's grandson.
There was temporary peace from about 1280 - 1300, during which many foreigners travelled along the Silk Road, but in 1368 Zhu Yuanzhang (Chu Yuan-chang) changed the relatively peaceful era. He was responsible for a revolt that allowed him to overtake Beijing and thus the beginning of the Ming Dynasty. One of the things he did was change the city's name to Beiping, which means Northern Peace, and changed the capital to Nanjing in the South. Thirty years later around 1398-1400, after Zhu's death, his second son, Yong Le took over the throne and moved the capital back to Beijing (changing the name back from Beiping), which means "Northern Capital." Beijing developed and flourished during this time, building many of the famous palaces and temples that are still present today. Tiantan and the Forbidden City are two examples of buildings constructed during Yong's reign.
Day 2: 07/04/2012 (Saturday): Beijing/ Shijiazhuang (coach to Shijiazhuang by train}
Shijiazhuang 石家庄 is the capital and largest city of North China's Hebei province. Administratively a prefecture-level city, it is about 280 kilometres (170 mi) south of Beijing. Shijiazhuang Prefecture contains the 5 districts of Shijiazhuang urban area, the Jingxing Mining District, five county-level cities, and twelve counties.
At the 2010 census, it has a total population of 10,163,788, with 2,604,930 in the urban area in 2010 and 3,833,606 in its built up area (metro) made of 5 urban districts plus Luquan city, Zhengding and Luancheng counties. Gaocheng county is about to be part of Shijiazhuang built up area while its urbanisation is still growing.
Shijiazhuang is a newly industrialised city. It experienced dramatic growth after the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949. The population of the metropolitan area has more than quadrupled in only 30 years. It is a central hub of transportation routes. The city is home to a large garrison of military troops ready to protect Beijing if required.It has a number of PLA colleges and universities.
08/04/2012 -10/04/2012 International Yi Ching Conference in Shijiazhuang
JIA ZHUANG – ANYANG (3.5H) (Dinner)
Afternoon, start to pick up at Shi Jia Zhuang .
VisitYuan Shi Kai tomb, also known as "Lin Yuan",
Day 07: 12/04/2012 (Thursday): Anyang
After breakfast , We will visitYoulicheng (World Culture Heritage)(2H), the birthplace of Zhouyi ( Yi Jing) and Yinxu
Anyang is an ancient city with a history of over 3,000 years and used to be one of the Seven Ancient Capitals of China. It is one of the key birthplaces of Chinese ancient culture. Here are the primitive caves of 25,000 years ago, the overlapping stratums of the Yangshao Culture, Longshan Culture and Xiaotun Culture, the memorial mausoleums of ancient Emperor Zhuanxu and Emperor Ku over 4,000 years ago, the first library of inscriptions on bones and tortoise shells, the Soul Spring Temple known as the "First Ancient Buddhist Temple in Henan", and 10,000-Buddha Ravine, as well as unique Wenfeng Pagoda, Xiuding Temple Pagoda and Mingfu Temple Pagoda. Anyang has beautiful natural scenery.
In 1899, in Xiao Tun Village of Anyang City, Henan Province, villagers found many tortoise shells and bones carved with letters and symbols, which unveiled to the world Yin Xu, an ancient city with a long history and splendid culture. Since then this place has become of great interest to worldwide archeologists, because those inscriptions have proved to be the earliest written characters of human beings, the Oracles.
About 3,300 years ago, one emperor of the Shang Dynasty (16th - 11th century BC) moved his capital city to Yin, which is today's Anyang city, and since then Yin has been the capital city for more than 250 years. Today Yin Xu has proved to be the earliest remains of an ancient capital city in written record.
Covering a grand area of 24 square kilometers (more than 9 square miles), Yin Xu had a palaces district, civil residences district, tombs district and workshops district, divided into two parts by the Heng river in the city. This rational layout clearly shows people a powerful country and a well-equipped ancient city.
The large-scale excavation in Yin Xu has been continued since the last century. Besides the 150, 000 pieces of oracles, abundant bronze ware has been excavated, and among them, Simuwu Ding, a 4-legged bronze cooking vessel is the biggest and heaviest bronze ware ever found worldwide. Apart from oracles and bronze ware, people have also excavated much pottery ware and jade. The excavation is still in progress and great discoveries come forth from time to time. Like a famous archeologist has said, in Yin Xu there are more treasures to be found.
Because of its great value in not only the historical relics of Chinese
culture but also the human civilization of the whole world, Yin Xu topped
the 100 Greatest Archeological Discoveries of China in the last century and
it was listed in the World Cultural and Natural Heritage List of United
Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Yin Xu
is revealing its beauty to the world.
Day 8: 13/04/2012 (Thursday): Anyang/Dengfeng
ANYANG – DENGFENG (3.5H) (Breakfast/Lunch/Dinner)
Today we will proceed to Dengfeng, visitthe Shaolin Temple,
ZhongYue Temple and Star Observation platform.
Brief History of Dengfeng: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dengfeng
Dengfeng ( 登封) is a county-level city in Zhengzhou, Henan province. In ancient times, it was known as Yangcheng ( 阳城).
Dengfeng has an area of 1220 square kilometers and a population of 630,000.
Dengfeng is located at the foot of the Mount Song, one of the most sacred mountains in China. The city is one of the most renowned spiritual centres of China, home to various religious institutions and temples, such as the Taoist Zhongyue Temple, the Buddhist Shaolin Temple, as well as the Confucian Songyang Academy, hence its poetic expression derived from Chinese literature as the spiritual "centre of heaven and earth".
The astronomer Guo Shoujing (1231-1314)
designed this particular observatory in 1276, at the beginning of the Yuan
period. The building is an angular construction made of brick and stone and
stands 9.46 m high. A 31.9-m-long stone rod stretches out in front of the
building and is used to measure the sun's shadow. Based upon his own
diagrams and with the aid of information collected by other observatories,
Guo Shoujing worked out a calendar which corresponds to the present-day
Gregorian calendar. A calculation that he made of the amount of time that it
takes the earth to revolve around the sun was off by only 26 seconds.
Day 9: 14/04/2008 (Saturday): DENGFENG – ZHOUKOU (4H) (Breakfast/Lunch/Dinner)
After breakfast, Coach to Zhoukou, visit Temple Taihao(1.5H), and Taiqing Palace(1.5H) at Luyi
Zhoukou is situated in the southeast of Henan Province, Zhoukou has a
population of 10.65 million and an area of 11,190 km˛. Bordering Anhui
Province to the east, it has 8 counties, 1 city and 1 district under its
administration. As a cradle of Chinese civilizations, Zhoukou boasts of a
long history and historical heritages. Around 6,000 years ago it was densely
populated and many villages were sprouted. The “Three Emperors” in ancient
time, namely, Fuxi, Nvwa and Shen Nong established their capitals here. The
founding father of Taoism, Lao Zi was born in Luyi County, Zhoukou. Chen
Sheng, born in Shangshui County and Wu Guang, born in Taikang County,
established the Zhangchu Regime in Chen (current Huaiyang County). The
academy established by Cheng Hao, a well-known Confucius disciple and
philosopher, is now well preserved. Plenty of ancient ruins, cultural
heritages, as well as beautiful legends have been left in Zhoukou. According
to the archeological study, there are over 200 cultural heritage sites,
including 100 Neolithic sites, 14 sites of Peiligang and Yangshao Culture,
23 sites of Dawenkou Culture and 79 sites of Longshan Culture. In
conclusion, Zhoukou is the place from where the Chinese culture originated,
including surnames, agriculture, husbandry as well as medicine.
Day 10: 15/04/ 2012( Sunday) ZHOUKOU – MT WUDANG (5H) (Breakfast/Lunch/Dinner)
Today, we will go to Wudang mountain , visit Mt.Wudang by electric and cable car (3H).
Day 11: 16/04/ 2012 ( Monday) MT WUDANG – XIANGFAN (2H) (Breakfast/Lunch/Dinner)
In years past, the mountains of Wudang were known for the many Taoist monasteries to be found there, monasteries which became known as an academic centre for the research, teaching and practice of meditation, Chinese martial arts, traditional Chinese medicine, Taoist agriculture practices and related arts. As early as the Eastern Han Dynasty (25–220 AD), the mountain attracted the Emperor's attention. During the Tang Dynasty (618–907), the first site of worship—the Five Dragon Temple—was constructed. Some of the monasteries were damaged during and after the Cultural Revolution of 1966–1976, but the Wudang mountains have lately become increasingly popular with tourists from elsewhere in China and abroad due to their scenic location and historical interest. The monasteries and buildings were made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994. The palaces and temples in Wudang, contains Taoist buildings from as early as the 7th century, and the largest groups of complex on the mountain was built during the Ming Dynasty (14th–17th centuries).It represents the highest standards of Chinese art and architecture over a period of nearly 1,000 years. Noted temples include the Golden Hall, Nanyan Temple and the Purple Cloud Temple.
On January 19, 2003, the 600-year-old Yuzhengong Palace at the Wudang Mountains was accidentally burned down by an employee of a martial arts school.A fire broke out in the hall, reducing the three rooms that covered 200 square metres to ashes. A gold-plated statue of Zhang Sanfeng, which was usually housed in Yuzhengong, was moved to another building just before the fire, and so escaped destruction in the inferno.
Day 12: 17/04/ 2012 (Tuesday) XIANGFAN -ZHONGXIANG(2.5H)-XIANGFAN (Breakfast/Lunch/Dinner)
Today, proceed to ZhongXiang visitZhongXiang Tomb. later back to Xiangfan.
Day 13: 18/04/ 2012 ( Wednesday) XIANGFAN / BEIJING (Breakfast/Lunch/Dinner)
This morning , we will flight to Beijing from XiangFan airport.
Xiangyang Airport is 18 kilometers (11 miles) northeast of Xiangyang downtown, operating flights to some major cities, including Beijing, Shanghai, Wenzhou, Xiamen, Xian and Chongqing.
Day 14: 19/04/ 2012 (Thursday) BEIJING (Breakfast/Lunch/Dinner)
The Eastern Qing Tombs (Chinese: 清东陵; pinyin: Qīng Dōnglíng) are an imperial mausoleum complex of the Qing Dynasty located in Zunhua, 125 kilometers northeast of Beijing. They are the largest, most complete, and best preserved extant mausoleum complex in China. Altogether, 5 emperors (Shunzhi, Kangxi, Qianlong, Xianfeng, and Tongzhi), 15 empresses, 136 imperial concubines, 3 princes, and 2 princesses of the Qing Dynasty were buried here. Surrounded by Changrui Mountain, Jinxing Mountain, Huanghua Mountain, and Yingfei Daoyang Mountain, the tomb complex stretches over a total area of 80 km2.there are arrayed based on the traditional concept of Feng shui.
Day 15: 20/04/2012 (Friday) BEIJING (Breakfast/Lunch/Dinner)
Today we will
climb The Great Wall and visit the Ming Emperor's Tomb.
Dingling (Chinese: 定陵; pinyin: Děng Lěng; literally "Tomb of Stability"), one of the tombs at the Ming Dynasty Tombs site, is the tomb of the Wanli Emperor. It is the only one of the Ming Dynasty Tombs to have been excavated. It also remains the only intact imperial tomb to have been excavated since the founding of the People's Republic of China, a situation that is almost a direct result of the fate that befell Dingling and its contents after the excavation.
Day 16: 21/04/2012 (Saturday) BEIJING (Breakfast/Lunch/Dinner)
After breakfast, we will visit The Forbidden city and Temple of Heaven.
The Forbidden City was the Chinese imperial palace from the Ming Dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty. It is located in the middle of Beijing, China, and now houses the Palace Museum. For almost 500 years, it served as the home of emperors and their households, as well as the ceremonial and political center of Chinese government.
Built in 1406 to 1420, the complex consists of 980 buildings and covers 720,000 m2 (7,800,000 sq ft). The palace complex exemplifies traditional Chinese palatial architecture, and has influenced cultural and architectural developments in East Asia and elsewhere. The Forbidden City was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987, and is listed by UNESCO as the largest collection of preserved ancient wooden structures in the world.
Day 17: 22/04/2012 (Sunday) BEIJING / HOME (Breakfast)
Self arrangement to Airport.
(Excludes flight to Beijing)
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